How do u write a literature review

In the sciences and some of the social sciences it is important that your literature be quite recent; this is not so important in the humanities Make certain that all of the citations and references are correct and that you are referencing in the appropriate style for your discipline.

In the case of this Educ introductory literature review, your initial purpose is to provide an overview of the topic that is of interest to you, demonstrating your understanding of key works and concepts within your chosen area of focus.

Analyze the literature Once you have identified and located the articles for your review, you need to analyze them and organize them before you begin writing: Instead of just listing and summarizing items, do I assess them, discussing strengths and weaknesses.

Thinking About Your Literature Review The structure of a literature review should include the following: Identify new ways to interpret prior research. For example, a book surveying the history of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict may include a chapter on the role Egypt has played in mediating the conflict, or look in the index for the pages where Egypt is mentioned in the text.

Identify gaps in the literature, and reflect on why these might exist based on the understandings that you have gained by reading literature in this field of study. These gaps will be important for you to address as you plan and write your review.

This is one of the most common problems with student literature reviews. Use Quotes Sparingly Some short quotes are okay if you want to emphasize a point, or if what an author stated cannot be easily paraphrased.

That way you will be better able to identify where you need punctuation marks to signal pauses or divisions within sentences, where you have made grammatical errors, or where your sentences are unclear Since the purpose of a literature review is to demonstrate that the writer is familiar with the important professional literature on the chosen subject, check to make certain that you have covered all of the important, up-to-date, and pertinent texts.

However, progression of time may still be an important factor in a thematic review. Find Models Use the exercise of reviewing the literature to examine how authors in your discipline or area of interest have composed their literature review sections.

A review may be a self-contained unit -- an end in itself -- or a preface to and rationale for engaging in primary research. Neither the layout of the building, nor the activities available seem to make much difference. Does the article go into one direction only or does it leave room for interpretation.

Third, there are the perceptions, conclusions, opinion, and interpretations that are shared informally that become part of the lore of field. Ask yourself questions like these about each book or article you include: Moreover, Hopewho interviewed residents from various nursing homes, substantiates the claim that characteristics of the institutional environment such as the extent of resources in the facility, as well as its location, are features which residents have indicated as being of great importance to their independence.

It should point out the articles and studies that have inspired the writer, but it has different other meanings too: An overview of the subject, issue, or theory under consideration, along with the objectives of the literature review, Division of works under review into themes or categories [e.

Writing the conclusion In the conclusion, you should: You can create the same assortment for those offering contrasted arguments, in opposition to yours. Sage, ; Hart, Chris. This can then be exported into a Microsoft Word document.

Organizing Your Social Sciences Research Paper: The Literature Review

Note key statistics that you may want to use in the introduction to your review. You can also use this method to explore what is considered by scholars to be a "hot topic" and what is not. Analyze instead of reporting Your literature review should not just cover a collection of studies.

All in all, writing a literature review requires strong knowledge about a particular field of study, so one can recognize valuable and an up-to-date studies.

Learn how to write a review of literature.

Write the Body of the Paper Follow the plan you have developed above, making certain that each section links logically to the one before and after, and that you have divided your sections by themes or subtopics, not by reporting the work of individual theorists or researchers.

This step requires you to synthesize and make sense of what you read, since these patterns and trends may not be spelled out in the literature, but rather become apparent to you as you review the big picture that has emerged over time.

In a research study, how good are the basic components of the study design e. Is there any pattern, are there any trends that seem to lead your research into a different direction. Writing the introduction In the introduction, you should: And the chances to overlook important information are higher too.

You will need to experiment with different searches, such as limiting your search to descriptors that appear only in the document titles, or in both the document title and in the abstract. A summary is a recap of the important information of the source, but a synthesis is a re-organization, or a reshuffling, of that information in a way that informs how you are planning to investigate a research problem.

For example, look at the following two passages and note that Student A is merely describing the literature and Student B takes a more analytical and evaluative approach, by comparing and contrasting. Occasionally you will be asked to write one as a separate assignment sometimes in the form of an annotated bibliography—see the bottom of the next pagebut more often it is part of the introduction to an essay, research report, or thesis.

Usually you will have the option of grouping items into sections—this helps you indicate comparisons and relationships.

A literature review asks: What do we know - or not know - about this particular issue/ topic/ subject? How well you answer this question depends upon: the effectiveness of your search for information; the quality & reliability of the sources you choose.

In a literature review, a writer discusses multiple sources in order to give a foundation for a study or an overview of a specific topic. All doctoral studies and dissertations have a required literature review component, and some course assignments require one as well.

View the Writing Center's web resources on how to write literature reviews. Generally, the purpose of a review is to analyze critically a segment of a published body of knowledge through summary, classification, and comparison of prior research studies, reviews of literature, and theoretical articles.

A literature review asks: What do we know - or not know - about this particular issue/ topic/ subject? How well you answer this question depends upon: the effectiveness of your search for information; the quality & reliability of the sources you choose.

Guidelines for writing a literature review

Writing a Literature Review Definition. Write a one or two sentence statement summarizing the conclusion you have reached about the major trends and developments you see in the research that has been done on your subject.

7. Organize Your Own Paper Based on the Findings From Steps 4 & 5. 1. Introduction. Not to be confused with a book review, a literature review surveys scholarly articles, books and other sources (e.g.

dissertations, conference proceedings) relevant to a particular issue, area of research, or theory, providing a description, summary, and critical evaluation of each work.

The purpose is to offer an overview of significant literature .

How do u write a literature review
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